As you age, hair loss becomes more probable and common.  One of its more common causes is genetics – if your father and your father’s father experienced hair loss, chances are you will, too. But genetics paints only a partial picture. For many, hair loss is caused by dihydrotestosterone (or DHT), a hormone that plays a role in puberty and helps men develop their adult male characteristics. Too much or too little of this hormone can lead to issues, including hair loss.

What Is DHT?

Dihydrotestosterone is a hormone made from testosterone and is present in both men and women, though men carry it in larger quantities. It’s responsible for masculine characteristics such as increased muscle mass, a deeper voice, and facial hair. While going through puberty, DHT is one of the primary forces between changes in men’s bodies. In adulthood the hormone can aid in maintaining fitness and sexual activity.

If one has too much DHT, however, it could contribute to an increased risk of prostate cancer and heart disease.

Hormone Imbalance and Hair Loss

While male pattern baldness is genetic, those who don’t have enough DHT are likely to suffer greater hair loss – even complete. Hair on the body grows from follicles tucked beneath the skin. An excess of DHT causes the follicles to shrink, making hair more prone to breakage, and increases the time it takes for hair to grow back.

DHT and Hair Loss in Women

Women typically have lower levels of DHT than men, but there is still a link between the hormone and female hair loss. Those with high levels can develop hair that is brittle, thin, and sheds easily. Though they may not develop bald spots, a woman’s head of hair can become thin, dry, and overall unhealthy in women.

Treating DHT-Related Hair Loss

There are several treatment options for DHT-related hair loss. For example, inhibitors can reduce the body’s production of DHT, allowing the shrunken follicles to widen and the hair to grow healthier at a more regular pace. Blockers are another form of treatment that, as the name implies, block DHT from binding to the receptors that cause follicles to shrink. Speak with your doctor to discuss possible treatment options and related side effects.

And, if you’re ready to discuss a hair transplant, regardless of the causes of your partial baldness, contact DiStefano Hair Restoration Center today to schedule a free consultation. We’re here to help you understand your options and answer all your questions.

Dark spots, wrinkles, grey hair…each a sign of aging. And while everyone hopes to age gracefully, we also know that appearance can add years to your perceived age. And that’s not such a great confidence builder, to say the least.

Take hair and scalps, for example. As the aging process advances, hair follicles begin to shrink and produce thinner, shorter hair strands. In some cases, follicles stop producing new hair entirely, which leads to hair loss. As you approach your 50s and 60s, these changes can begin to appear at a faster rate. Read on to find out why and, more importantly, what you can do about it.

How Hair Grows

Hair is made up of the hair follicle and shaft. The follicles anchor each individual strand to the scalp with a hair bulb, which is made of protein cells. This is where growth happens. As blood circulates through your body and eventually to your scalp, it nourishes roots – along with oxygen – and triggers protein cell division every 23 – 72 hours, creating the hair shaft and making it grow toward the surface. As hair pushes its way to the surface, it passes tiny glands that add an oil (sebum) to each hair strand, making it shiny and soft. The blood vessels also transfer hormones that can alter hair’s growth cycle and structure at different times of your life.

Hair and Age

We lose an average of 50 to 100 hairs every day, and in most cases barely notice. Hair grows quickest between ages 15 and 30 and slows once we approach our 40s and 50s. More strands begin to fall out with fewer growing back to take their place. In addition to age, the rate at which hair grows is also determined by genetics, hormones, nutrition, and other factors. While there is nothing you can do to alter your genetics or age, you can take steps to support healthy hair growth during your maturing years.

Eat Well, Exercise, Hydrate, and Rest

When it comes to nourishment, your vital organs always get first dibs. So, if your body is not getting what it needs, hair follicles will suffer. For optimal hair health no matter your age, once entering your maturing years, make sure your diet includes adequate amounts of zinc, iron, biotin, protein, omega-3 fatty acids, calcium, and other vitamins and minerals responsible for hair and scalp health. Some sources include legumes, eggs, fish, nuts, dairy, leafy greens, and a variety of fruit.

  • Legumes —Legumes are loaded with protein, as well as zinc, iron, and biotin — mandatory for healthy hair growth. Biotin deficiency can trigger brittle hair and hair loss. Other foods that contain biotin include egg yolk, soy flour, liver, and yeast.
  • Fish sources —Protein, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, and vitamin B12 available from fish can help stop dry scalp and improve your hair color.
  • Nuts —Nuts have an abundant supply of selenium, which is vital for a balanced scalp. Nuts also contain zinc and alpha-linolenic acid, which support hair growth and prevent shedding.
  • Dairy —Dairy products are an excellent calcium source, the key to robust hair growth.

If you’re between 25 and 40, you may be reading this thinking: “Nothing to worry about just yet.”  Worry, no. But care about? Yes. It’s never too early to start living a healthier lifestyle. If, on the other hand, you’re 55 and older tan think “the damage is done and now I just need to live partially bald,” that’s not necessarily true either. So, tell you what. Hope on the phone, computer, or mobile device, and schedule a free consultation right now with DiStefano Hair Restoration Center.  Think about it – if you feel better about yourself, aren’t you bound to feel better overall?


If you’ve lost enough hair to consider a transplant, perhaps you’ve come across this acronym, which stands for low-light laser therapy. Maybe you’ve even heard good things. The question is, are you listening to pure hype, or do these products really deliver on their promise? We’re here to help you sort through the clutter and figure out if LLLT is right for you.

What is low-level laser therapy?

LLLT is a non-pharmaceutical, non-surgical hair restoration treatment that uses laser light to stimulate cell growth, supercharge hair follicles, and ultimately combat the most common form of hair loss. And that is male and female-pattern baldness, or androgenetic alopecia. LLLT also has been successful in treating hair loss due to chemotherapy, pregnancy, or menopause. What’s more, LLLT can be used to complement other hair loss treatments and for other areas of your body, including beard and, back, and legs.

How does it work?

Low laser light is absorbed by hair follicle molecules, helping to stimulate follicles into the growth stage. When the light penetrates the scalp, it stimulates the stem cells in charge of follicle regeneration. It also increases blood flow to the targeted area of the scalp, boosting delivery of essential nutrients and oxygen. This causes the hair to grow not only in length, but diameter – resulting in thicker, fuller hair.

What can I expect?

LLLT has been shown to help hair grow stronger, thicker, and healthier, and even slow down or put a halt to hair loss. However, it likely won’t help individuals who have been experiencing baldness for several years and it won’t cause hair to grow on areas of the scalp when no hair exists. It is only successful in stimulating active hair follicles, not those already dead gone. As such, one should start LLLT in the first stages of hair loss to gain full benefit from this treatment method. If your hair loss is more advanced, results may be limited. However, LLLT may still be able to help slow and even stop further hair loss.

Positive results typically appear within two months from the time you start treatment – from there, you can expect steady improvement over time. However, LLLT only works with continued treatment; if treatment is interrupted, hair loss will resume and all or most gains will be lost.

The more options you have to prevent or reverse hair loss, the more reasons you have to meet with our experienced team of hair transplant specialists.  Contact DiStefano Hair Restoration Center today to schedule a free consultation to explore those possibilities most likely to succeed.


We know how wigs came into being in Great Britain and throughout Europe – we’ll get back to that in a minute.

But it kind of makes you wonder how and why men covered up partial or complete baldness centuries and millennia before that. In ancient Greece and Rome, for example, there were good and not-so-good aspects of a man sporting long hair. Women with long hair, for example, exemplified the height of femininity. Men, on the other hand, often wore wigs to cover up premature balding or some type of skin ailment. Back then, people of lesser means could not afford the cure. So, if you were a man fortunate enough to sport a wig, you were immediately recognized of having a higher degree of social status.

American Indians

Long hair on American Indian men – then and now – also is not an accident. Instead, their beliefs around long hair, as many of their beliefs, were and remain tied to earth and nature. By tradition, long hair ties them to Mother Earth whose hair is long grasses. Many Native Americans believe their hair is a physical manifestation of the growth of the spirit, and some say it allows for extrasensory perception and connection to all things.

By contrast, many tribes cut their hair following a death in the family, thus expressing deep sadness and a physical reminder of the loss. The cut hair represented the time with their loved one, which was over and gone while new growth represents life ahead.

Life in 17th Century Europe and Beyond

Back in the 17th Century, King Louis XIV of France, also known as the Sun King, was an extremely vain man. He commissioned over 300 royal portraits of himself to commemorate his reign. However, his physical appearance did not always match the image he had in his mind of a strong and powerful leader.

King Charles II of England was also a fan of French wig fashion. After all, he had spent several years in exile in France during Oliver Cromwell’s reign. To cover his prematurely greying hair, Charles II began wearing wigs in a similar style to King Louis XIV and brought the trend to England upon his return to the throne.

The term “bigwig” originated at this time. British nobility would spend upwards of 800 shillings on elaborate hairpieces. Only the rich and powerful could afford the “big wigs” as a display of their status and wealth.

Wigs and Bugs

If a man wanted a hairpiece to keep up with the latest styles, step one was to completely shave his head for the peruke – as wigs were then called – to fit properly.

Wigs were practically impossible to care for at home. They smelled horribly from the wearer sweating and attracted lice. Men used powder to cover flaws in the appearance and odor of their wig. This powder was often made of cornstarch and was scented with orange and lavender. Wigs needed to be sent back to the wigmaker regularly for de-lousing, which was done by boiling the hairpiece.

Since the wearing of wigs was due, in part, to the desire to cover up balding or splotchy hair, rashes, sores, and other ailments, eventually medical science came to the rescue and made wigs far less purposeful.

Men and Hair Today

The fashion of longish male hair hasn’t disappeared, however. Neither has sensitivity to hair thinning and balding. That’s where we come in – DiStefano Hair Restoration Center. Long or short, we can help you maintain or regain the long you want – the look that makes you feel the best about your own appearance. To learn how, contact us today for a free consultation. And we promise – powdered wigs are not one of our treatment methods.

You’ve worked hard, faithfully exercised, stuck to a balanced diet. All good. But then comes the moment of truth – when you step on the scale for the first time in a few weeks. Well, praise be, you’ve dropped 20, 30, maybe even 60 pounds. Even better, you look and feel the best you’ve felt in a very long time.

Still, there’s one thing wrong with this picture. As you look up from the scale to the mirror – noticeable hair loss. Not surprising though, since hair is sensitive to stress, hormonal changes, and nutrient deficiencies.

How are weight loss and hair loss connected?

Nutrient deficiencies associated with restrictive diets can result in a condition called acute telogen effluvium, or TE, which occurs about 3 months after a triggering life event such as weight loss. Fortunately, TE is not permanent and lasts about 6 months. Once nutrient levels return to normal, hair should resume i’s normal growth cycle. In some instances, restrictive diets can lead to chronic TE, lasting more than 6 months, and androgenic (male or female pattern baldness) alopecia.

  • Crash Dieting. Your hair, like the rest of your body, requires adequate calories and nutrients for optimum health. When those elements are lacking, hair loss can occur. Poorly planned diets lacking in zinc, iron, protein, essential fatty acids, and enough calories may help you shed the pounds, but hair shedding will often follow along.
  • Low-Protein Diets. Amino acids are essential for hair growth. A diet low in protein forces the body to prioritize more important protein-dependent functions like hormone production, tissue repair, pH and water balance regulation, and digestion – protein deficiency treats each of these with a higher degree of importance vs. hair health.
  • Weight Loss Surgery. The rapid weight loss commonly associated with surgery – such as sleeve gastrectomy – also can lead to hair loss as it not only reduces stomach capacity but allows food to bypass part of the intestines, thus resulting in malabsorption of nutrients.
  • Restrictive Diets. Diets that require entire food groups to be cut out completely can result in nutrient deficiencies, and ultimately, hair loss.

How to Prevent Hair Loss with Losing Weight

Aim to lose weight in a healthy, sustainable, and practical manner. Sure, a fad diet may offer a quick fix, but if it’s not a combined eating and exercise regimen, chances are the pounds will steadily pile back on. Choose a balanced diet that provides your body with the vitamins, nutrients, and calories it needs to function at its best.

If you’re experiencing unexpected hair loss that has you concerned, there’s no bad time schedule a free consultation with DiStefano Hair Restoration Center. Why worry when it’s a problem that will correct itself? Then again, why ignore a problem that won’t?


If you’ve ever received a scalp massage from someone who knows what they’re doing, you know how blissful and relaxing it can feel. Massages help ease tension, stress, and relax sore muscles. When it comes to your scalp, a massage also may be able to promote hair growth. Here’s how.

What is a scalp massage?

Unlike a back, body, or neck massage, a scalp massage is typically gentler and involves fingertips only or a scalp massaging device. The procedure is usually performed without oil, though some individuals prefer to include it.

How can a scalp massage help with hair growth? 

According to some studies, researchers found that frequent scalp massages may make hair fuller and can even help reverse thinning by stretching hair follicles. A scalp massage also can help dilate blood vessels beneath the skin to further encourage hair growth. While research results are still limited, there is reason to hope for ever increasing scalp massage benefits.

How to perform a scalp massage.

There are no firm rules about how to perform a scalp massage. However, the following techniques and tips are worth at least a try.

  • Traditional Massage – Using fingertips of both hands, apply light to medium pressure to the scalp while moving the fingertips in a circular motion. Work your way across the entire scalp for at least five minutes several times each day.
  • Hair Washing Massage – Using the same method above, gently massage shampoo and/or conditioner into your hair for at least five minutes, then rinse.
  • Massage Tools – Scalp brushes and rubber massagers are quite effective. Simply work the massager over your entire scalp as you would your fingertips.
  • Essential Oils – Some have found that peppermint and lavender essential oils may help promote hair growth. Mix a drop or two of peppermint or lavender oil with a tablespoon of jojoba or melted coconut oil and apply directly to the scalp, using fingertips or a massager to work the oils into the scalp. If you have not used essential oils before, be sure to patch test a small area of your skin to test for allergies.

A regular dose of scalp massages may not turn you into a Samson or Lady Godiva, but at the very least, you’ll enjoy the experience. For hair growth results you can count on – with or without scalp massages, contact DiStefano Hair Restoration today for a free hair transplant consultation.


Microblading vs. Micropigmentation

Eyebrow microblading is often performed with a manual blade that has 10 to 12 small needles at the tip. The needles implant feather-like strokes of pigment on the epidermis layer of the skin, creating natural looking hair strokes.

Micropigmentation, by contrast, is performed with an electric tattoo device that penetrates the scalp with pigment. Tiny, layered dots or different hues of black are implanted into the skin to replicate the look of a “shadow”, resulting in natural-looking depth.

Who Can Benefit from Micropigmentation?

This non-surgical procedure may be considered by almost anyone experiencing premature hair loss from such causes as:

  • Alopecia
  • Male and female pattern baldness
  • Thinning Hair
  • Hair loss and thinning due to cancer treatments
  • And more.

What is the Procedure Like?

Prior to an SMP procedure, your practitioner will apply a topical numbing agent, although you might still feel some discomfort. If you suffer from psoriasis or other scalp sensitivities, you should avoid having micropigmentation performed during a flare-up as your practitioner will not be able to apply pigment to the affected areas of your scalp. Also, if you are prone to keloids, you may not be a good candidate for SMP. Consult your healthcare provider before scheduling a procedure.

Each treatment will take between four and five hours, and the number of treatments depends on the area receiving SMP. Treatments are typically scheduled a few weeks apart. For best results, follow these guidelines:

  • Shower before each treatment as you will not be able to wet your scalp for a few days following each procedure.
  • Do not go swimming, use steam or sauna rooms, or take extremely hot showers between treatments.
  • Do not expose your scalp to the sun for at least a few days following a treatment.
  • Once the final treatment is completed, avoid swimming, steam rooms, saunas and direct sunlight for about a month.

How Long Will It Last?

The results of micropigmentation can last up to 8 years with proper scalp care. However, because it is semi-permanent, the treated area will fade with time as the skin naturally exfoliates itself. Those with especially dry skin may notice color lightening and fading at a faster rate.

And then there’s the “X” factor – you. As in, which of the several available remedies for hair loss might offer you more of what you need in terms of your appearance, self-confidence, and other areas of sensitivity.   Learn more about Scalp Micropigmentation on our site by clicking here!


Just like the hair on your head, eyebrows can begin to thin out or stop growing for a variety of reasons. Even those blessed with thick, full eyebrows may notice their brows looking a little sparse over time. In most cases, thinning eyebrows are a sign of again but, there are other causes, too, such as various skin conditions, nutritional deficiencies, trauma and stress, and more.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to target and attack hair follicles, causing them to slow down or halt hair production. This can result in random spots of hair loss, a total disappearance of hair, or scarring and balding of the scalp with accompanying eyebrow loss. Episodes can come and go, and hair can grow back while the disease is inactive.

Nutritional Deficiencies

If you’re on a healthy diet, chances are you’re getting the recommended number of essential vitamins and minerals, especially if you also take a daily multi-vitamin. However, in some cases like anemia, eating disorders, and illness, the body does not receive the vitamins and minerals it needs to function properly. This deficiency can result in hair loss, including eyebrows. Make sure you’re eating foods rich in protein, zinc, iron, biotin, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamins C, A, E, B-12, and D.

Skin Conditions

Eczema, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and ring worm are some of the skin conditions that can interfere with proper hair growth. If you just don’t understand what’s causing hair loss – eyebrows and otherwise – contact your primary health provider or dermatologist for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Thyroid Disease

The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate your metabolism. Too much or too little of a hormone causes the body to fall out of balance, resulting in a disruption of normal functions and processes, including hair health and growth.

Stress, Anxiety, and Trauma

Ongoing stress and anxiety – as well as physical or emotional trauma – can cause physiological changes in the body, including hormone fluctuations and reduced oxygen to the hair follicles. With proper care, the hair loss can be reversed.

Grooming Habits                                                                  

One of the most common causes of thinning eyebrows, especially in women, is over-plucking and overuse of makeup products with harsh chemicals, especially early on in life. When these habits are perpetuated, hair follicles suffer trauma and die as a result.

Should you discover from your primary care physician or dermatologist that eyebrow hair loss won’t be going away soon, if at all, it’s time to contact DiStefano Hair Restoration Center for a treatment plan made to order. Contact us for a free consultation today, and don’t take “no more eyebrow hair” for an answer.

Proper rest and care are crucial to the healing process after any medical procedure, and hair transplant surgery is no different. In fact, failing to follow your surgeon’s post-op care recommendations can result in unnecessary pain, swelling, and can lead to infection.

To fully recover realize maximum benefit from your hair transplant, be sure to do the following:

Returning Home

  • Try to  rest as much as possible.
  • Eat a nutritious dinner and take prescribed antibiotics and pain medications as instructed. Most patients do not require strong pain medications after the first day.
  • Sleep with your head slightly elevated for the first few nights, being careful not to rub or bump the transplant area on a pillow or headboard.

1 to 3 Days After Procedure

  • You will return to your transplant care practice the following day for a post-operative exam. Your gauze wrap will be removed, and the doctor will check that the grafts are healing properly and there are no complications. You should only be experiencing minimal pain and discomfort at this time.
  • Avoid getting your scalp wet for three days following surgery. When showering or bathing, wash your body only.
  • Do not smoke, drink alcohol, or go in direct sunlight after surgery, as doing so can increase scarring and interfere with the healing process.
  • Do not engage in strenuous activity, and be sure to eat a healthy, balanced diet to help support healing.
  • You may gently wash your hair on the 4th Use baby shampoo and gently wash with your fingertips. Rinse with warm water and pat your hair and scalp dry with a soft, clean towel.

1 to 3 Weeks After Procedure

  • In the three weeks following surgery, continue to avoid strenuous activity – walking and jogging are acceptable. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol as much as possible and avoid exposure to direct sunlight and chlorinated water.
  • Avoid the use of styling products during the first week as they may contain chemicals that can interfere with healing.
  • After day 10, you may wash your hair regularly. Any scabbing you’ve experienced should be falling away at this point. Avoid scratching your scalp and sooth itchiness with cold water.
  • You may also resume your normal hair care routine but continue to avoid harsh products which can dry out hair and damage follicles.
  • After 12 – 14 days, it will be obvious to no one – except those you see routinely – that you’ve undergone hair transplant surgery.

While these post-care procedures will serve you in good instead for now, rest assured that DiStefano Hair Restoration Center will develop a detailed post-surgery treatment plan just for you. That’s the kind of individual care we’re known for.  So, contact us today to schedule a free consultation, and let’s get started.


A hairbrush is a hairbrush is a hairbrush, right? Not exactly. Sure, any brush can do the simple task of making yourself more presentable; but, having the right brush and knowing how to use it can be a game changer when it comes to achieving a desired look while being kind to your hair and scalp.

Read on as we discuss five common hairbrush types and how each can help you get the look you want.

Detangling Brush – A dedicated detangling brush is great for getting through even the toughest of knots, especially on wet hair when it’s most susceptible to breakage. Look for one with far-spaced bristles and ball tips that massage the scalp – the latter help distribute hairs natural oils and promote circulation.

Boar Bristle Brush – An ideal brush for all hair types, boar bristle helps bring out hair’s natural texture, whether it be curly, wavy, or straight. The spacing of the bristles does a better job of detangling long hair and helps evenly distribute oils from your scalp.

Mixed Bristle Brush – The best of both worlds, a mixed bristle brush is typically made of both natural boar bristles and synthetic materials. Boar bristles evenly distribute your hair’s natural oils while synthetic bristles gently disentangle – a great choice for medium to thick hair.

Thermal Brush – A thermal brush is made with materials like a magnesium alloy barrel that conducts heat to speed up drying time. This not only helps speed up the grooming process but results in less heat damage to your hair. Look for one with nylon bristles that help create a soft, voluminous look and feel.

Round Brush – Available in a variety of sizes, round brushes help achieve a salon-quality look at home while taming frizz and adding volume. Choose a smaller brush to create tighter curls or a larger one to straighten and smooth hair or create subtle curls or waves, depending on hair length.

Bottom line, hair can be super easy to care for or a major challenge, depending on numerous factors – including your propensity to shed hair, possibly even to the point of balding. If your brush – no matter which type you use – is starting to look like a hair depository more every day, contact DiStefano for a free consultation to determine if you’re a candidate for a hair transplant. We help people all over Southern New England get their hair back, and keep it.