Sure, you pretty much know your hair type – straight, wavy, curly, or loaded with coils. But did you know that there are subtypes of these based on – for example – the tightness of the curls, or lack thereof? If you’re longing for healthy, voluminous hair, knowing your type and how to properly care for it is key.

Hair Type Defined

Hair type is determined by your individual curl pattern which is directly related to your hair follicles’ shape. Asymmetrical or oval follicles, for example, will result in hair that is curlier. At the same time, each of the four basic hair types has sub-categories.  Let’s have a look.

  1. Straight Hair

Hair that falls flat from roots to tips is categorized as straight. It is often silky and soft in texture, and void of curls. Because straight hair often has a high amount of oil secretion, it can look oily and flat if not properly cared for. Avoid using heavy serums and butters in your care routine, as well as over-washing which can lead to increased oil production on the scalp. Texture sprays and dry shampoos are best suited for this hair type. Straight hair is subdivided into the following:

Type 1A – Hair is extremely soft, shiny, and smooth, but lacks volume.

Type 1B – This hair type is slightly thicker and bouncier than 1A.

Type 1C – Hair that is thick and coarse.

  1. Wavy Hair

Wavy hair falls between straight and curly, with a slight curl pattern toward the ends of the hair. Use gels to define the curls, steering clear of cream or oil-based products that can flatten the waves. This hair type is subdivided into:

Type 2A – Hair that is thin with loose waves starting at eye level and directed toward the ends.

Type 2B – This type has medium thickness and curls starting at eye level, also headed toward the ends.

Type 2C – Hair that is thick and wavy, with S shaped curls beginning at the crown. 2C hair is prone to frizzing so use a diffuser when blow drying.

  1. Curly Hair

Curly hair has an S pattern and stays curly regardless of straightening processes.  This hair type is frizzy and prone to tangles, so take care when brushing or combing to retain its natural texture while avoiding breakage. Curly hair is subdivided into:

Type 3A – Has S shaped loose curls that form loose loops.

Type 3B – Slightly thicker than 3A and lacking in moisture, this type needs moisturizing ingredients like shea butter and aloe vera.

Type 3C – Curls that are tight and coil perfectly, this type benefits from a leave-in conditioner to moisturize and untangle.

  1. Coily Hair

This hair type follows a Z pattern and may seem coarse and rough. It has very tight curls and is prone to breakage. Coily hair is subdivided into:

Type 4A – Soft, delicate hair that requires a good amount of moisturization from deep conditioners, creams, butters, and oils.

Type 4B – This hair type may have a zig-zag pattern and tangles easily. Apply a leave-in conditioner to damp hair, and gently comb by separating it into sections to moisturize and remove tangles without breakage.

Type 4C – Defined by tight, fragile curls, 4C hair requires deep conditioning and gentle brushing to prevent damage.

At DiStefano Hair Restoration, we help put hair back on your head for the full natural look you want back – no matter what your hair type. We’ll also show you additional ways to take care of your transplanted hair from post-surgery on out.  Contact us today for a free consultation – and don’t forget to refer a friend or family who also could benefit from our medical procedures.

When the ends of hair become brittle and dry, they can fray and resemble the end of an unraveled rope – commonly referred to as “split ends”. Split ends are caused by a variety of factors, including heat styling and chemical hair products. And since blow drying, curling, straightening, and hair product use is so common, so are split ends.

Who Gets Split Ends?

Anyone can get split ends. However, those of African descent may be more susceptible because Afro-textured hair is more fragile, more likely to break, and more likely to develop knots. Menopausal women may also be more prone to split ends; as estrogen levels drop, natural oil production in the scalp decreases, making hair dryer and more prone to breakage.

Concealing Split Ends

Many products promise to repair split ends, and yet the only reliable way to get rid of them is by cutting them off. Sure, hair masks and conditioning treatments may conceal slit ends and improve hair’s overall appearance, but they won’t repair the damage. To conceal split ends between haircuts, choose nourishing ingredients like:

  • Argan oil – Derived from the kernels of argan trees, this deep moisturize adds shine to dry, brittle hair. Rub several drops into dry or damp hair and comb through.
  • Sweet almond oil – Extracted from almonds, this sweet smelling oil hydrates without weighing hair down. Use it as a leave-in conditioner or rub a small amount into damp hair.
  • Panthenol – A common ingredient in conditioners and hair masks, panthenol is a byproduct of vitamin B-5. It strengthens hair, helping it to retain moisture, while improving the texture and look of dry, damaged hair.

Split Ends Prevention

While it’s difficult to completely prevent split ends, there are steps you can take to reduce severity and frequency.

  • Get regular trims, preferably every 6 to 8 weeks.
  • Don’t wash your hair daily; 3 to 4 times a week is plenty for most people.
  • When washing, use an all-natural shampoo free of harsh ingredients.
  • Apply a conditioner after each shampoo.
  • Use a wide-tooth comb instead of a brush to gently detangle wet hair.
  • Limit coloring and chemical straightening.
  • Skip heat styling as often as you can and use a heat protective spray when you can’t.
  • Eat a healthy diet with plenty of foods that contain hair-strengthening vitamins and minerals like folic acid and biotin.
  • Avoid hair styles that twist, pull, or tug on hair, like braids and ponytails.

If you or someone you know has more serious hair issues to deal with, like premature balding, todays’ a great day to contact DiStefano Hair Restoration Center. We’ll assess the condition of your hair, present you with options, and answer all your questions. Best of all, we can restore the hair you lost to help you regain the natural looking and feeling you remember so fondly.


“Cutting your hair makes it grow faster.”

“Plucking a gray hair makes more grey hairs grow.”

“Brushing your hair 100 strokes at a time makes it healthier.”

We’ve heard these – and other such sayings – time and again. So much so that we start to take them as fact. Yet with just a few clicks of the keyboard, most can easily be debunked. If fact, believing and following certain hair-related myths can damage your hair.

So, what’s fact and what’s fiction in the world of hair? Read on to find out.

Frequent washing damages hair. While hair typically doesn’t need to be washed daily, keeping it clean is essential to its health. Sweat, oil, and styling products can build up and clog hair follicles, which can slow down or stop growth.

Shampoo oily hair daily. A contradiction to the first myth, but still false. Washing oily hair daily is counterproductive. Over-washing strips your hair and scalp of sebum, a naturally occurring oil, so your body over-compensates and produces more, resulting in a vicious cycle. Wash your hair every other day with a quality shampoo and conditioner specially formulated for your hair type.

Plucking one gray hair makes more grow. This is simply false. The number of gray hairs you’ll have is not determined by how many you pluck. What plucking does do is put stress on the hair follicle and scalp, which can inhibit healthy hair growth. So put the tweezers down anyway.

Trimming your hair makes it grow faster. Regular hair cuts don’t help your hair grow. Instead, they keep slit ends at bay, which leads to overall healthier hair.

Change your shampoo every six months. The belief is that over time, your hair gets used to a product, making that product less effective. On the contrary, switching shampoos and conditioners too often can throw off your pH balance and lead to a dry scalp, hair breakage, and lack of moisture.

Wigs and weaves prevent hair damage. Many believe wigs and weaves protect hair from harsh styling techniques, products, and the elements. The truth is that while they can give your natural hair a break, overuse can lead to tangling, dryness, and breakage around the hairline. Take special care of your hair with the right shampoo, conditioner, and treat your scalp to a massage two to three times a week to help redistribute natural oils and control itchiness.

Go to bed with wet hair to prevent damage. When hair is wet, the cuticles are not completely sealed. The friction between wet hair and the pillow can cause frizz and hair damage. Let your hair fully dry or use a hair dryer on a low setting before going to bed. Switch to a silk or satin pillowcase to further reduce friction.

Use natural oils for healthier hair. Natural oils like avocado and coconut, when used in a professional hair product, can do wonders for your hair. Used alone, they are simply too heavy, leaving behind a residue that can be hard to wash out. What’s more, they cannot penetrate the hair shaft to improve hair in any meaningful way.

The more you brush your hair, the healthier it will become. Another myth. Excessive brushing can damage the cuticle and cause breakage. Brush your hair when needed and leave it alone the rest of the time.

Towel-drying is better than blow-drying. Might sound good in theory but using a hair dryer at the right temperature and right distance can be better for your hair than towel-drying. The movements in towel-drying can be rough on your hair and lead to breakage. Squeeze your hair rather with a soft type than rubbing it.

On the other hand, let’s say you’ve been a faithful follower of certain hair myths and other habits not conducive to health hair.  Uh-oh, because one possible consequence is hair thinning or premature baldness. Has that happened to you? If so, contact DiStefano Hair Restoration Center today for a free consultation…together, we’ll develop a plan to restore your full head of healthy hair.


Hair comes in a variety of lengths, textures, and colors. Sometimes the hair we want isn’t exactly what we see when looking in the mirror. For example, you may long for a head of curls but were born with stick-straight strands. And while there are a variety of tools and styling products to help you achieve the right look, it’s helpful to first determine what kind of hair you have – fine vs. thinning.

While they may sound interchangeable, they’re quite different, and require different care for you to look your best.

Fine Hair

Fine hair means strands of hair are smaller in diameter than other types because it lacks the medulla – or inner structure. Fine hair also has less protein which can make it appear floppy and lifeless. It’s typically smooth in texture and often seen in lighter colors like blonds.  People with fine hair may think they don’t need to condition, but it still requires a balance of lipids, moisture, and protein to prevent it from becoming dry and brittle. Stay away from products that can make fine hair look greasy and weighed-down.

Thin Hair

While fine hair refers to the thickness of each strand, thin hair refers to hair’s density, or how much distance there is between hair follicles. As opposed to other hair types where most follicles contain more than one hair, thin hair contains fewer per follicle. Hair density is determined by genetics.

Thin Vs Thinning

Having thin hair is not the same as thinning, which is hair loss. Nor does being born with thin (or fine, for that matter) make you more prone to hair loss.

When one’s hair is thinning, the quality of the hair is changing for a variety of reasons like age. As a person gets ages their hair starts to grey, the cuticle gets thinner, and the hair becomes more fragile. Additionally, hair’s life cycle slows down meaning more time goes by between the shedding and regrowth phase. What’s more, during “miniaturization” the amount of hair in each follicle can decrease, resulting in a feeling of thinning hair.

To best determine whether you have thin or thinning hair, look for changes over time. If you notice more shedding when you wash or comb, notice more scalp through, or see areas around the hairline start to recess, you are likely experiencing thinning.

Fine, thin, or thinning – you can’t tell the difference. All you know is that you’re concerned about current – or the potential for future – hair loss. If that’s the case, don’t guess, contact. DiStefano Hair Restoration Center, that is. We’ll analyze your hair for you and, depending on its type, recommend a sound hair treatment plan. And should we discover that thinning is underway, we’ll explain, step by step, how we can help you restore your full head of lustrous hair.  Contact us for a free consultation today.


Dark spots, wrinkles, grey hair…each a sign of aging. And while everyone hopes to age gracefully, we also know that appearance can add years to your perceived age. And that’s not such a great confidence builder, to say the least.

Take hair and scalps, for example. As the aging process advances, hair follicles begin to shrink and produce thinner, shorter hair strands. In some cases, follicles stop producing new hair entirely, which leads to hair loss. As you approach your 50s and 60s, these changes can begin to appear at a faster rate. Read on to find out why and, more importantly, what you can do about it.

How Hair Grows

Hair is made up of the hair follicle and shaft. The follicles anchor each individual strand to the scalp with a hair bulb, which is made of protein cells. This is where growth happens. As blood circulates through your body and eventually to your scalp, it nourishes roots – along with oxygen – and triggers protein cell division every 23 – 72 hours, creating the hair shaft and making it grow toward the surface. As hair pushes its way to the surface, it passes tiny glands that add an oil (sebum) to each hair strand, making it shiny and soft. The blood vessels also transfer hormones that can alter hair’s growth cycle and structure at different times of your life.

Hair and Age

We lose an average of 50 to 100 hairs every day, and in most cases barely notice. Hair grows quickest between ages 15 and 30 and slows once we approach our 40s and 50s. More strands begin to fall out with fewer growing back to take their place. In addition to age, the rate at which hair grows is also determined by genetics, hormones, nutrition, and other factors. While there is nothing you can do to alter your genetics or age, you can take steps to support healthy hair growth during your maturing years.

Eat Well, Exercise, Hydrate, and Rest

When it comes to nourishment, your vital organs always get first dibs. So, if your body is not getting what it needs, hair follicles will suffer. For optimal hair health no matter your age, once entering your maturing years, make sure your diet includes adequate amounts of zinc, iron, biotin, protein, omega-3 fatty acids, calcium, and other vitamins and minerals responsible for hair and scalp health. Some sources include legumes, eggs, fish, nuts, dairy, leafy greens, and a variety of fruit.

  • Legumes —Legumes are loaded with protein, as well as zinc, iron, and biotin — mandatory for healthy hair growth. Biotin deficiency can trigger brittle hair and hair loss. Other foods that contain biotin include egg yolk, soy flour, liver, and yeast.
  • Fish sources —Protein, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, and vitamin B12 available from fish can help stop dry scalp and improve your hair color.
  • Nuts —Nuts have an abundant supply of selenium, which is vital for a balanced scalp. Nuts also contain zinc and alpha-linolenic acid, which support hair growth and prevent shedding.
  • Dairy —Dairy products are an excellent calcium source, the key to robust hair growth.

If you’re between 25 and 40, you may be reading this thinking: “Nothing to worry about just yet.”  Worry, no. But care about? Yes. It’s never too early to start living a healthier lifestyle. If, on the other hand, you’re 55 and older tan think “the damage is done and now I just need to live partially bald,” that’s not necessarily true either. So, tell you what. Hope on the phone, computer, or mobile device, and schedule a free consultation right now with DiStefano Hair Restoration Center.  Think about it – if you feel better about yourself, aren’t you bound to feel better overall?


You can almost feel it happening. After washing, drying, and styling your hair, you step outside on a humid day and feel your perfectly coifed tendrils turn into a frizzy mess. Or maybe your hair just frizzes no matter the weather and you find yourself spending hundreds of dollars trying countless products all promises to tame that frizz.

What causes hair to frizz and what can you do about it that works? Read on and see for yourself.

Why Does My Hair Frizz?

To put it simply, hair frizzes when dehydration and dryness cause it to absorb excess moisture from the air. Wavy and curly hair is more prone to dryness, making it more prone to frizzing. However, straight hair that lacks hydration can also frizz, as can healthy hair when it encounters high humidity levels.

Ongoing heat styling can damage the hair cuticle and cause hair to frizz, as can dying, bleaching, and chemical treatments that can lead to dry, brittle hair.

Friction that lifts hair cuticles also create frizz. If you have curly or wavy hair and brushed or combed it when it’s dry, you know just what we’re talking about.

How to Tame the Frizz

Here are some tips and tricks to help tame your frizzy mane.

  • Don’t over-wash your hair; every couple of days is plenty.
  • Choose a shampoo specially formulated for dry hair, one that is packed with moisturizing ingredients.
  • Use a hydrating, smoothing conditioner with ingredients like coconut and argan oil that penetrate deep into the hair cuticle and help soften strands.
  • Remember to hydrate from the inside out. Drink plenty of water and avoid beverages and food that can dehydrate you.
  • Take a break from chemical treatments like dyeing, bleaching, and heat styling products like hair dryers, curling wands, and flat irons. If you must use heat, use a heat protectant on your hair and set the tool on the lowest setting.
  • Get regular trims to eliminate breakage and split ends.
  • Avoid vigorous towel drying. Instead, towel-dry gently or use a microfiber towel to remove excess moisture after washing.
  • Swap your regular cotton pillowcase for a silk or satin one to reduce friction and help tame frizz.

Hair is a precious commodity – not only want it to look its best but prevent premature thinning or balding. If you’re experiencing hair loss and are troubled by it, contact DiStefano Hair Restoration today for a free consultation. After all, more volume highlights your overall appearance even more.

If you’ve lost enough hair to consider a transplant, perhaps you’ve come across this acronym, which stands for low-light laser therapy. Maybe you’ve even heard good things. The question is, are you listening to pure hype, or do these products really deliver on their promise? We’re here to help you sort through the clutter and figure out if LLLT is right for you.

What is low-level laser therapy?

LLLT is a non-pharmaceutical, non-surgical hair restoration treatment that uses laser light to stimulate cell growth, supercharge hair follicles, and ultimately combat the most common form of hair loss. And that is male and female-pattern baldness, or androgenetic alopecia. LLLT also has been successful in treating hair loss due to chemotherapy, pregnancy, or menopause. What’s more, LLLT can be used to complement other hair loss treatments and for other areas of your body, including beard and, back, and legs.

How does it work?

Low laser light is absorbed by hair follicle molecules, helping to stimulate follicles into the growth stage. When the light penetrates the scalp, it stimulates the stem cells in charge of follicle regeneration. It also increases blood flow to the targeted area of the scalp, boosting delivery of essential nutrients and oxygen. This causes the hair to grow not only in length, but diameter – resulting in thicker, fuller hair.

What can I expect?

LLLT has been shown to help hair grow stronger, thicker, and healthier, and even slow down or put a halt to hair loss. However, it likely won’t help individuals who have been experiencing baldness for several years and it won’t cause hair to grow on areas of the scalp when no hair exists. It is only successful in stimulating active hair follicles, not those already dead gone. As such, one should start LLLT in the first stages of hair loss to gain full benefit from this treatment method. If your hair loss is more advanced, results may be limited. However, LLLT may still be able to help slow and even stop further hair loss.

Positive results typically appear within two months from the time you start treatment – from there, you can expect steady improvement over time. However, LLLT only works with continued treatment; if treatment is interrupted, hair loss will resume and all or most gains will be lost.

The more options you have to prevent or reverse hair loss, the more reasons you have to meet with our experienced team of hair transplant specialists.  Contact DiStefano Hair Restoration Center today to schedule a free consultation to explore those possibilities most likely to succeed.


Did you know that being a red head is pretty rare? In fact, that it is estimated that less than 2 percent of the world’s population has red hair.

Whether you’re a natural redhead or get a little help from the salon, here are some red hair facts you might enjoy.

It’s in the genes. Red hair is caused by the mutant gene MC1R, which is responsible for pigmentation and how much or little melanin one might have. Melanin is further divided into two types, pheomelanin and eumelanin – the more pheomelanin, the higher the chances of blond or red hair, fair skin, and freckles. Also, you need two copies of the gene, but if both your parents are gene carriers yet do not have red hair, you still have a 25% chance of starting life as a redhead.

Superpowers. Fair skin doesn’t absorb vitamin D as well as other skin tones, so redheads adapted over time and now can produce their own vitamin D in low light conditions. What’s more, they are more sensitive to temperature changes. So, if you feel warm, chances are your redheaded friends feel warmer; if you’re cold, don’t complain, because no doubt they’re colder.

Rare occurrence. Today, natural redheads are seen in reduced frequency due in part to the cross-mating of people from different countries and continents. The largest concentration of natural redheads is in Northern Europe.

A strong hold. Red hair holds onto pigment better than any other hair color, making it more difficult to change colors. Still, if you’re bound and determined, your red hair will likely need to be bleached rather than dyed. Red hair also fades instead of going grey over time. If you have copper-toned hair, it will likely transition to strawberry blond and eventually a soft white.

A numbers game. Redheads have fewer strands of hair than brunettes or blonds. But what they lack in numbers, they gain in strand thickness, making their hair look fuller.

Redheads and eye color. Most redheads have hazel or brown eyes. If you have both red hair and blue eyes, consider yourself extra lucky; both are recessive genes, and only about 1% of the world’s population shares that gene combination.

Can redheads go bald? You bet they can, just like people of all other hair colors. If you’re among that unlucky group, do what friends and neighbors are doing, and contact DiStefano Hair Restoration Center today for a free consultation on how we can give you back a full head of hair – red, naturally.


Male facial hair has been in fashion since time immemorial. But over the past 10 years or so, there has been an explosion in popularity from closely shaven to the bushy, Grizzly Adams type.

Today, for example, you even see news anchors and politicians with beards of varying lengths and styles. Athletes in every sport have their faces only slightly to show off the rugged side of their personalities, while others let the beard go where it will.

The ever-growing trend has solidified the beard’s position as a facial hair style, complete with an array of design and texture options. Yet not all men have been blessed with thick, luscious facial hair. So, for those who long to grow a beard, whether full and long or well-coifed and cut short, a beard transplant can now accomplish what genetics and nature couldn’t do on their own.

Read on to learn if a beard transplant might be right for you.

Causes of a Patchy Beard

Many men suffer form beards that look patchy or uneven, often prompting them to simply shave on a regular basis and give up the chase. Some factors that cause beards to look patchy include:

  • Hormones, including lower levels of testosterone
  • Genetics
  • Alopecia which can result in spot baldness
  • Lifestyle factors like stress, not enough sleep, and poor nutrition

Problem, Solution

For those who are not content with a patchy, thin, or uneven beard, a beard transplant offers a permanent, natural-looking solution. Much like a hair transplant, healthy hair is harvested from a donor area and implanted into the beard area of the face. A typical procedure takes four to eight hours, depending on the number of follicles transplanted.

Recovery Process

As you heal from the procedure, you’ll need to keep your face dry for the first week or so. After that, you can gently wash your face. The transplanted area might experience a bit of redness during the first few weeks, though antihistamines can help tame inflammation. It is recommended to avoid strenuous activities like exercise for the first week following the procedure to prevent inflammation. You may also be instructed to use an antibiotic ointment for up to two weeks post-transplant to prevent infection. “Razor burn” like bumps may appear and should vanish within a couple of weeks.

The newly implanted hairs will shed in two to three weeks, and you should notice new growth in three to four months, though sometimes the beard can take up to a year to fully mature. It may be tempting to start trimming or shaving your new beard but doing so can disrupt hair follicles and prevent them from settling into their new location. Wait at least a week before trimming and 10 to 14 days before shaving for best results.

Have new styles escaped you from lack of cooperating facial hair. Then do what men are doing in increasing numbers – contact DiStefano Hair Restoration Center for a free consultation and learn about the various options available to you.

You’ve seen the ads – models showing off their gorgeous locks which supposedly are enhanced and maintained by the sponsor’s shampoo, conditioner, at-home color kit, or some other surefire means.

While certain hair care products are worth using, some can do more harm than good. Could the products you use daily be damaging your hair? Here’s how to tell.

Extreme Breakage

If you notice your hair is breaking more than usual, read the product labels. Healthy hair requires the right balance of ingredients. Consistent use of products with too much protein or moisturizing agents can result in breakage which can stunt hair growth.

Dry or Brittle Hair

People with very dry hair do not need to wash their hair daily, or even every other day. Instead, washing the hair less often will help preserve the natural oils in the scalp and keep hair well moisturized.

Oily Hair

Very oily hair may look greasy a few hours after washing, particularly in the summer or after a workout. People with very oily hair might choose to wash their hair daily or every other day. Using a sulfate shampoo can lengthen the time between washes.

Stiff Hair

If your hair will no longer hold a curl, looks stiff, or has frayed ends, this could be another sign of product-related damage, especially from over-processing or chemical damage. Deep conditioning, regular trims, and avoiding heat styling products can help your hair bounce back to life.

Scalp Condition

The condition of a person’s scalp will also affect the condition of their hair. People with very dry scalps tend not to produce as much sebum. Washing the hair less often can help the scalp remain healthy, prevent itching and flaking, and keep the hair soft and shiny. People with very oily scalps may develop acne on the scalp or along the hairline and may need to wash their hair more frequently to keep their hair looking clean.

Over-use of products can leave a build-up that, over time, prevents your scalp from absorbing the products as it should – resulting in a dry, irritated scalp. Try a clarifying shampoo and conditioner to help eliminate build-up.

Fading Color Treatment

If your color isn’t holding as well or for as long as it used to, check the ingredient list on your styling products. If one or more of them contain sulfates, that could be what’s causing you to use a coloring agent more often.

Needing More and More

If it’s taking longer and longer for your hair care products to achieve the desire result, they might be leaving damaging residue behind in increasing amounts.  Again, look closer to ensure they products are right for your hair type.

If only you could simply rinse your hair every day or so, brush or comb it and be on your way, life would be so much simpler. But then, you most likely wouldn’t present yourself in the best possible light which is part of what it takes to succeed in today’s world.

As for hair loss, well, that requires a whole different remedy to bring it back and keep it there – exactly what DiStefano Hair Restoration Center specializes in. If you want to regain the hair you’ve lost and keep it forever, contact us today for a free consultation.